Women’s Health Track

This track is designed to prepare a resident to be a future leader in clinical and/or academic women’s health. Our goals are to enable residents to:

  1. Understand how medical illness affects women differently than men from a medical and psychosocial perspective.
  2. Acquire competency and expertise in women’s health beyond that of a general internist.
  3. Participate in scholarly work (research project, curriculum development, etc.) related to women’s health.
  4. Develop a mentoring relationship with a women’s health expert.

  • News & Events

    Faculty member and track graduate Dr. Meghan Geary published an article with Medical-Legal Partnership Boston entitled "Domestic Violence Homicide Doesn't Just Happen: Moving from Physician Bystander to Advocate." Link
  • The Environment

    Center of Excellence: Researchers, clinicians, and educators at Brown University have been leaders in women's health for many years. In recognition of this, Brown University/Women and Infants' Hospital was designated as one of the 19 National Centers of Excellence (COE) in Women's Health. Although the national centers no longer formally exist, the goals of the COE continue today. They are to:

    • Develop an integrated model for the delivery of clinical health care services to women with an emphasis on prevention and early detection of diseases and conditions.
    • Develop a multidisciplinary research agenda focused on women's health issues.
    • Enhance women's health education at all levels of medical education and to the community.
    • Foster recruitment and promotion of women in academic medical centers.
    • Provide community outreach programs.

    It is through this lens that the Women’s Health Track was created and continues to develop.

    Resources in Research: Numerous researchers at the university and its affiliated hospitals and centers, including Rhode Island Hospital, the Miriam Hospital, Memorial Hospital, Women and Infants' Hospital, and the Rhode Island women's Correctional Facility, focus on women's health research. The research represents a broad range of investigation including women in prison, menopause, women and alcohol, breast cancer, obesity, depression, HIV, osteoporosis, genitourinary malignancies and pregnancy-related issues (contraception; pregnancy intentions and birth outcomes; diabetes and birth outcomes; low birth weight infants). Memorial Hospital in Pawtucket, Rhode Island is a vanguard site for the Women's Health Initiative, the largest longitudinal trial of postmenopausal women ever conducted. WHI studies are ongoing.

    Clinical Resources: In addition to strong research, the hospitals and faculty offer outstanding clinical services to women. There are three women-specific internal medicine practice sites, including: 1) an academic women's health practice based at Rhode Island Hospital, 2) an academic practice in consultative and general internal medicine at Women and Infants' Hospital, and 3) a primary care site at the women's prison. In addition to these internal medicine sites, there are many additional clinical opportunities in breast health, gynecology, reproductive endocrinology, urogynecology, and psychiatric services for women. General Internal Medicine (GIM) residents in the women's health track will have an opportunity to work in any of these sites.

  • How will my curriculum differ from other General Internal Medicine Residents?

    The Women's Health Track will differ from the traditional General Internal Medicine (GIM) Residency program by the addition of 5 key components to further excellence in women's health: Mentorship, Research, Clinical Experience, Clinical Competence, and Didactics/Education. The majority of the women's health training will take place during ambulatory block.

    • Mentorship
      A faculty mentor will be assigned to each resident at the beginning of his/her PGY-1 year. Mentors will provide assistance with choosing women's health clinical sites, preparing for didactic sessions, selecting a research project, and identifying each resident's present and future goals with respect to a career in internal medicine and women's health. Residents will meet with their mentor each block month throughout residency.

    • Research
      Residents will meet with Dr. Duffy, Director of Research, early in their PGY-1 year to discuss their interests and identify potential research mentors. Residents will meet with their research advisor each block month to discuss, outline, and plan their research project. Research can be conducted throughout the PGY-2 and PGY-3 year, and residents may have up to 2 months in their PGY-3 year dedicated to research. Residents will submit their research to be presented at a national meeting.

    • Clinical Experience
      Residents will begin their outpatient experience in a women's health clinical site in their PGY-1 year. During their 3 block months of internship, they will see patients at a women's health site for one half-day session/week. At the end of internship, residents will choose a women's health site as their "2nd site" continuity clinic and will attend that clinic one half-day session/week throughout the PGY-2 and PGY-3 years. During PGY-2 and PGY-3 block months, residents will see patients at an additional women's health clinical site of their choice for one half-day session/week. Residents will also complete the women's health elective experience and Obstetric Medicine elective during either PGY-2 or PGY-3 year.

    • Clinical Competence
      Through clinical experiences, residents should gain experience in the diagnosis and management of the following conditions affecting women:
      • Coronary disease
      • Rheumatologic diseases
      • Endocrinologic diseases
      • Vaginitis/Cervicitis/STDs
      • Contraception/Family Planning
      • Osteoporosis
      • Menopause
      • Violence
      • Chronic Pelvic/ Abdominal Pain
      • Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding/Amenorrhea
      • Physical exam skills: including breast and pelvic exam
      • Procedural skills: Advanced contraceptive procedures (IUD, subdermal implants) and endometrial biopsy (for those interested)

      Women’s Health Curricular resources are shared amongst the faculty and residents on the pathway. The curriculum serves as a reference and should aid in achieving a level of competence in the area of women's health. Midway through PGY-2 year, residents will have a clinical competence review with their mentors and identify areas in which resident wish to have more guidance and/or exposure. A second review will take place during block 7 of PGY-3 year.

    • Didactics/Education
      In their PGY-3 year, residents will lead 2 didactic sessions on a topic in women's health of their choice with the PGY-1 GIM residents. One session will take place in each of their research months in the PGY-3 year. Residents will meet with an advisor to prepare their lecture. Faculty at Brown University offer formal feedback on observed teaching skills.

    • Additional Elective Experiences
      Residents will be able to participate in local and national meetings related to women's health as the opportunities arise. Residents may gain additional experience in the area of public health, health care policy issues and administrative expertise and fostering leadership for women in medicine. To this end, they may choose to work with the Associate Dean for Women in Medicine, the RI Department of Public Health, Office of Women's Health and the Brown University School of Public Health.
  • How do I apply to the Women's Health Track?

    The track is open to two GIM residents each year. Applicants select the track soon after matching in the GIM program. Applicants may specify the desire to participate in the track when applying to the residency program as well.
  • Who runs the Women's Health Track?


    Vidya Gopinath, MD
    Assistant Professor of Medicine
    Brown University School of Medicine
    Rhode Island Hospital
    Email: Email

    Clinical Director:
    Iris Tong, MD
    Assistant Professor (Clinical)
    Department of Internal Medicine
    Brown University School of Medicine
    Division of Ambulatory General and Consultative Internal Medicine
    Women and Infants' Hospital
    Email: Iris_Tong@Brown.edu

    Research Director:
    Christine Duffy, MD, MPH
    Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
    Brown University School of Medicine
    General Internal Medicine Residency
    Rhode Island Hospital

    Procedural Director:
    Mindy Sobota, MD

    Additional Faculty:
    Meghan Geary, MD

  • Women's Health Track Research


    Rachel Casas, MD
    “Contraceptive Use in Women Having Bariatric Surgery”


    Mariah Stump, MD
    “Integrating Integrative Medicine into residency curricula: We CAM do it!”
    Manasa Ayyala, MD
    "Do internal medicine trainees ask female patients about the presence of fecal incontinence and if so, what factors influence them to do?"


    Karen Kimel-Scott, MD
    "Polyarthritis and Eosinophilia: Can you spot the rare vasculitis?"
    Margaret McNamara, MD
    "Recurrent pneumonia in a woman with severe tracheobronchomalacia"


    Christiana Zhang, MD
    "Internists underperform in provision of first line contraception"
    Meghan Geary, MD
    "The internist and the uterus: the case for medication abortion in general internal medicine"